Capital: Yaoundé (Economical center: Douala)
Area: 475,440 sq km
Est. population: approx. 15.4 million
Literacy: 63.4% of adult population.
Est. infant mortality: 71 per 1,000 live births
Life expectancy: 56 (Women), 54 (Men)
The former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon merged in 1961 to form the present country. Despite movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of an ethnic oligarchy. Situated in West Africa, Cameroon is shaped like an elongated triangle. It borders with Chad in the north and northeast, Central African Republic in the east, Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea in the south, the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) in the Southwest, and to the west and northwest lies Nigeria.
Major infectious diseases are present of waterborne diseases, deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching; and over fishing. There are degree of high risk food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: malaria and yellow fever are high risks in some locations water contact disease: schistosomiasis respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis.