Kenya lies across the equator in east-central Africa, on the coast of the Indian Ocean. It is twice the size of Nevada.

A drought ravaged Kenya, and by Jan. 2006, 2.5 million Kenyans faced starvation

Water pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching.

Kenya is one of the Emergency Plan’s 15 focus countries, which collectively represent approximately 50 percent of HIV infections worldwide. Recognizing the global HIV/AIDS pandemic as one of the greatest health challenges of our time, President George W. Bush announced the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (Emergency Plan/PEPFAR) in 2003 — the largest international health initiative in history by one nation to address a single disease.

Specific USG responses in Kenya include:

• Making strategic investments in Kenya’s capacity to plan, secure resources for, and implement, HIV prevention, treatment, and care interventions;
• Strengthening public health and mission hospital delivery networks;
• Ensuring that Kenya’s youth have access to HIV/AIDS services;
• Expanding and expediting access to antiretroviral treatment, with special emphasis on children and those co-infected with HIV and tuberculosis or other opportunistic illnesses;
• Supporting NASCOP’s capacity to lead the establishment of comprehensive care centers offering counseling, testing, and medical management services;
• Engaging new partners and leveraging additional resources to enhance the sustainability of HIV/AIDS programs;
• Working with Government of Kenya agencies to develop and disseminate policies and guidelines on HIV counseling and testing, antiretroviral treatment, opportunistic infections, and support for orphans and vulnerable children; and
• Supporting a broad range of HIV prevention interventions including behavior change, prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission, and improved blood collection and testing services (USG, 2003)

Major infectious diseases:
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever vectorborne disease: malaria is a high risk in some locations
water contact disease: schistosomiasis.

Life expectancy at birth:

male: 48.87 years
female: 47.09 years (2005 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 1.2 million

HIV/AIDS - deaths: 150,000

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