Official Name Republic of Mali
Capital City Bamako
Languages French (official), and local dialects
Official Currency CFA Franc
Religions Muslim, traditional beliefs
Land Area 1,220,190 sq km (471,115 sq miles
Infant mortality: 220/1000
Life Expectancy: 48.1 years
Water Supply coverage: 50%
Below Poverty Line: 63.8%.
Sanitation Coverage: 46%
Mali, one of the West African countries is the poorest country in the world. The population of Mali (estimated at 10,878,000 in 1995), one of the largest West African countries. Present-day Mali, at nearly twice the size of Texas, is the largest country in West Africa. Mali is bordered by seven other countries: Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Senegal, and Mauritania. Most of the northern half of Mali falls within the largest desert on the planet, the Sahara. Bamako is the capital where currency is exchanged in French francs. The city of Tombouctou is still used for trade by camel caravans crossing the Sahara Desert (VMFA.VA.STATE). Mali is a stable, extremely poor but democratic country that is a strong U.S. ally in the war against terrorism. Overall, 2004 was a year of mixed fortune for Mali (USAID, 2008).