Official Name Republic of Mali

Capital City Bamako

Languages French (official), and local dialects

Official Currency CFA Franc

Religions Muslim, traditional beliefs

Population 11,716,819

Land Area 1,220,190 sq km (471,115 sq miles

Infant mortality: 220/1000

Life Expectancy: 48.1 years

Water Supply coverage: 50%

Below Poverty Line: 63.8%.

Sanitation Coverage: 46%

Mali, one of the West African countries is the poorest country in the world. The population of Mali (estimated at 10,878,000 in 1995), one of the largest West African countries. Present-day Mali, at nearly twice the size of Texas, is the largest country in West Africa. Mali is bordered by seven other countries: Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Senegal, and Mauritania. Most of the northern half of Mali falls within the largest desert on the planet, the Sahara. Bamako is the capital where currency is exchanged in French francs. The city of Tombouctou is still used for trade by camel caravans crossing the Sahara Desert (VMFA.VA.STATE). Mali is a stable, extremely poor but democratic country that is a strong U.S. ally in the war against terrorism. Overall, 2004 was a year of mixed fortune for Mali (USAID, 2008).


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