Life Expectancy: 43.4 years
Infant mortality: 198/1000
Water Supply: 48%
Sanitation Coverage: 44%
Below Poverty level: 34.1%
Adult literacy: 67%
Source: Human Development Report (2006),
Nigeria has the federal territory at Abuja and 36 states; among which there are marked different religious groups. Nigeria has a geographical land area of 356,700 square miles (923,770 sq. km) and is located on the south coast of West Africa. It lies between the latitude of 4.20’ and 14. 0’ north of the equator and longitudes 2.20’ and 14. 30’ east of the Greenwich Meridian. The largest country in the continent with 250 groups speaking 400 different languages. The climate and vegetation of Nigeria are more varied than those of any other country in West Africa. Nigeria has a population of 120 million people with diverse ethnic diversity and problems of poor leadership in the local government.
The policies sets out by the government do not reflect reforms in the local government councils. The country has uncommitted and unmotivated local government policy makers and employees that seek to improve services against a backdrop of federal bureaucracy.
Democracy in Nigeria has not been working for the mere reasons of lack of democratic empowerment, civil society, culture, globalization, human rights abuse, and ethnic solidarity.
The problem of lack of clean water and the problem of sanitary condition in the village of Obinulo increased children deaths. The whole village, a population of more than 500,000 people depends on this water pump for clean water. It is a well-known fact that the physiology of human body contains 80% of water and as result we can survive without water for only three days. Most communities in developing countries and Nigeria in particular do not have access to clean and safe water sustainable to life.